Kanchibiya district is located in the north western part of Muchinga province. The area was conferred a district status in 2017. The name of the district was derived from Kanchibiya River which has crossed over the district to Bangweulu wetlands. The district has only one constituency which is also known as Kanchibiya Constituency.It shares its boundaries with Mpika district from south eastern, Kasama district from north in Northern Province, Samfya and Chilubi districts from Western in Luapula province, Chilubi District from north western in Luapula province, Shiwangandu district from western district and Lavushimanda from Southern. Luchembe chiefdom fallingon latitude; 11° 54’ (11.9°) and Longitude 31° 16’ (31.2667°) of the national grid and 1300 meter above sea level.Kanchibiya district is a newly created district from Mpika district in Muchinga province.
RELIEF AND PHYSICAL FEATURES
The district lies in the Bangweulu swamps and Chambeshi flood plains. Kanchibiya district has vast forest resources and is endowed with numerous water bodies; such as swamps, rivers and streams.
Kanchibiya district has a number of rivers, streams and small lakes. The district includes perennial and non-perennialrivers, and these include Chambeshi river: it marks the boundary between Kasama district and Kanchibiya district. the current flows into Bangweulu in Samfya district.Lwitikila is also one of the main important rivers which has passed through Kopa Chiefdom from Mpika district, Lubaleshi river, Kamana Mwelwa, Lulingila river, and Munikashi, Kashipa, Mulonga,
CLIMATE AND RAINFALL
Theannualrainfallisaround 1000mm.The climate ontheplateauis moreequitablewithsummertemperaturesseldomexceeding 30degrees Centigrade andoccasionalfrostinwinter. Relativehumidity variesthroughouttheyear,reachingpeakinthewetseason.The mean relative humidityis 68o.Winddirectionsare predominantlyEasttoSouth-eastexceptduring the rainyseason when theyarevariable with north-East to West winds beingmore frequent.
The climate for Kanchibiya district is warm and temperate. The summer season is warmer with an average of 30 degree Celsius and the hottest month being October and November while wettest being January and February with the precipitation of 1000mm. Winter season is the coldest with of minimum of 9 degree Celsius and precipitation of 2mm. The month of June is the coldest.
The district consists of Miombo Woodland transacted by opendrainagelines or dambos. The Miombo thins out towards the Bangweulu Swamps into regional swamp edge parklands comprising small pockets of Woodland into inter- spaced with open grassland. Miombo woodland is characterised by scattered tree species and are constantly under attack from stray fires in the hot dry season. Grasslands occur on floodplains, high plateau and in swamps. Branchstegia, Isobemadia and Juberrnadia dominate this Woodland.
The district has also traditional forests such as Mpepo Forest no. 418 and Lwitikila Forest no. 291 (108,094 Hectares). However, it is sufficed to say that these forests are under extinct to due to Chitemene system and cutting of trees for charcoal use.
The district’s population is estimated to be 64,218 with an average annual growth rate of 3.8%. Since the district is still a rural district about 90% of the population distribution is still rural and with at least 70% youth (CSO 2010)
The district has 10 Health facilities namely Chalabesa, Kabinga, Chinkobo, Mbati, Mpepo, Chikakakala, Luchembe, Kopa, Kaonda and Mapoma rural health centres.
The District boasts of rich and abundant natural resources such as water, fertile land, good rainfall patterns, wildlife and widespread forestry resources. However, despite the abundant and extensive resource base the majority of the population have not effectively tapped in the economy and utilized the available natural resources to earn incomes and significantly contribute to economic growth.
Poor physical infrastructure such as Roads, Dams and Electricity as well as inadequate socio- economic infrastructure such as Health Facilities and Schools also remain critical in fostering the Economic progress of the District.
The majority of the Population derives its livelihood from Agriculture. Agriculture potential although tremendous remains largely unexploited as evidenced by marginal investment in agriculture, poor crop diversification and low productivity. Most inhabitants engage in Small Scale Farming using the Chitemene shifting method of cultivation largely growing maize, cassava, millet, sorghum, groundnuts and beans for domestic consumption and very little for sale. Most farmers sell their crops to the Food Reserve Agency (FRA).
Small-scale Livestock production and poultry keeping have also seen a steady increase with cattle, goats, pig and sheep being the commonly reared animals. Other small-scale economic activities are Bee Keeping and Fish Farming from the waters of the Chambeshi and Luangwa rivers among others. These water bodies contribute to fishing activities that cater for domestic consumption and sale.
Christians dominates the district religious community. The Christian community in the district largely consists of the Roman Catholics, Pentecostals, Seventh Day Adventists, United Church of Zambia (UCZ) and Jehovah’s witnesses among others. These have been instrumental in the dissemination of informational messages in the community regarding the provision of health services.
However, traditional and spiritual beliefs continue to have a strong bearing on the behavioural pattern and attitude of the community towards access to health service provision.
Increasing access to education remains one of the key priorities in the Ministry of Education as it strives to 7th national development plan in providing universal primary education. The district currently has 44 primary school, 5 secondary schools, 20 community schools and 11 early childhood Recent government focus on education for all has seen an increase in access to primary and secondary education in the district, currently district boasts of several Learning Institutions. The district has 19 primary Schools, 7 Community Schools, and 5 secondary schools.